A description of the officially arab republic of egypt

The country is situated in the north-east part of Africa, although the Sinai Peninsula forms a land bridge with south-west Asia, and so Egypt is also called a Middle East country.

A description of the officially arab republic of egypt

Temple of Derr ruins in There is evidence of rock carvings along the Nile terraces and in desert oases. In the 10th millennium BCa culture of hunter-gatherers and fishers was replaced by a grain -grinding culture.

Climate changes or overgrazing around BC began to desiccate the pastoral lands of Egypt, forming the Sahara. Early tribal peoples migrated to the Nile River where they developed a settled agricultural economy and more centralised society.

The Badarian culture and the successor Naqada series are generally regarded as precursors to dynastic Egypt.

The earliest known Lower Egyptian site, Merimda, predates the Badarian by about seven hundred years. Contemporaneous Lower Egyptian communities coexisted with their southern counterparts for more than two thousand years, remaining culturally distinct, but maintaining frequent contact through trade.

The earliest known evidence of Egyptian hieroglyphic inscriptions appeared during the predynastic period on Naqada III pottery vessels, dated to about BC. A unified kingdom was founded c. Egyptian culture flourished during this long period and remained distinctively Egyptian in its religionartslanguage and customs.

The first two ruling dynasties of a unified Egypt set the stage for the Old Kingdom period, c.

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The First Intermediate Period ushered in a time of political upheaval for about years. A second period of disunity heralded the arrival of the first foreign ruling dynasty in Egypt, that of the Semitic Hyksos.

The first historically attested expression of monotheism came during this period as Atenism. Frequent contacts with other nations brought new ideas to the New Kingdom. The country was later invaded and conquered by LibyansNubians and Assyriansbut native Egyptians eventually drove them out and regained control of their country.

Xerxes I tomb relief. Cambyses II then assumed the formal title of pharaohbut ruled Egypt from his home of Susa in Persia modern Iranleaving Egypt under the control of a satrapy. A few temporarily successful revolts against the Persians marked the fifth century BC, but Egypt was never able to permanently overthrow the Persians.

A description of the officially arab republic of egypt

This Thirty-first Dynasty of Egypthowever, did not last long, for the Persians were toppled several decades later by Alexander the Great. The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a powerful Hellenistic state, extending from southern Syria in the east, to Cyrene to the west, and south to the frontier with Nubia.

Alexandria became the capital city and a centre of Greek culture and trade. To gain recognition by the native Egyptian populace, they named themselves as the successors to the Pharaohs. The later Ptolemies took on Egyptian traditions, had themselves portrayed on public monuments in Egyptian style and dress, and participated in Egyptian religious life.

The Ptolemies faced rebellions of native Egyptians often caused by an unwanted regime and were involved in foreign and civil wars that led to the decline of the kingdom and its annexation by Rome.

Nevertheless, Hellenistic culture continued to thrive in Egypt well after the Muslim conquest.

Arab Republic of Egypt

Christianity was brought to Egypt by Saint Mark the Evangelist in the 1st century. The New Testament had by then been translated into Egyptian.

Egypt in the Middle Ages The Amr ibn al-As mosque in Cairo, recognized as the oldest in Africa The Byzantines were able to regain control of the country after a brief Sasanian Persian invasion early in the 7th century amidst the Byzantine—Sasanian War of — during which they established a new short-lived province for ten years known as Sasanian Egyptuntil —42, when Egypt was invaded and conquered by the Islamic Empire by the Muslim Arabs.

Early in this period, Egyptians began to blend their new faith with indigenous beliefs and practices, leading to various Sufi orders that have flourished to this day. This army was joined by another 5, men in and defeated a Byzantine army at the battle of Heliopolis.

Amr next proceeded in the direction of Alexandria, which was surrendered to him by a treaty signed on November 8, Alexandria was regained for the Byzantine Empire in but was retaken by Amr in In an invasion fleet sent by Constans II was repulsed.Arab Republic of Egypt Established in , diplomatic relations between Brazil and Egypt gained momentum after the instauration of the Republic of Egypt ().

The legal framework that allowed for initiatives of bilateral cooperation as well as the strengthening of the political dialogue and intensification of commercial flows was established.

Officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, a country in northeastern Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Israel and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. The principal geographic feature of the country is the Nile River.

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EGYPT The Claim By Decree No. 27 () of January 9, , Egypt claimed straight. Description of Egypt. Second Edition.

Antiquities, Volume Two (Plates) Description of Egypt. Second Edition. Antiquities, Volume Three (Plates). Egypt is officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt. No description by Amanda Sudu . Report abuse. Transcript of Egypt is officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Egypt is officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt 83,, Bordered by the Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya and Sudan as well as the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

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