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The Persians appointed tyrants to rule the independent minded cities of Ionia and this would prove to be the source of trouble for both of the Greeks and Persians. The then tyrant of Milent embarked on an expedition to conquer the island of Naxos in BC.
The expedition was a catastrophe Aristagoras encouraged the whole of Hellenic Asia minor into a revolt against the Persians. Military support was secured from Athens and Eretria and these forces helped to take capture and burn the Persian regional capital of Sardis in BC. The Persians regrouped and ambushed the epicentre of the revolt in Miletus in BC.
At the Battle of Lade, the Ionians experienced a defeat, and the rebellion collapsed. Darius embarked on scheme to conquer Greece and to punish Athens and Eretria for the burning of Sardis. In BC the first Persian invasion of Greece occurred, with Mardonius the Persian general overpowering Thrace and Macedon before several misfortunes forced an early end to the campaign.
This expedition overpowered the Cyclades before surrounding, capturing and razing Eretria. The Persian force was defeated by the Athenians at the Battle of Marathonending the Persian advances for the time being.
Darius began a plan to complete the conquest of Greece but died in BC and his son Xerxes took on the responsibility of the conquest. Xerxes led the second Persian invasion of Greece in BCwhich was accompanied by one of the largest armies ever congregated.
There was a victory over the 'Allied' Greek states at Battle of Thermopylae which allowed the Persians to defeat most of Greece.
The Persians, however suffered a harsh defeat at the Battle of Salamis while seeking to destroy the allied fleet. The Allies then went on to defeat the Persian army at the Battle of Plateau, thereby ending the invasion of Greece.
The actions of the general Pausanias at the siege of Byzantium estranged many of the Greek states from the Spartans. The anti-Persian alliance was reconstituted around the Athenian leadership as the Delian League.
Over the next three decades the the Delian League continued to campaign against Persia, which began with the expulsion of the remaining Persian garrisons from Europe. In BC at the Battle of the Eurymedon the League won a double victory that finally secured freedom for the cities of Ionia.
The involvement of the League in Egyptian revolt however resulted in a disastrous defeat and any future campaigning was suspended.
In BC, a fleet was sent to Cyprus, but little was achieved and when the fleet withdrew, the Greco Persian Wars came to an end. It has been suggested by some historical references that the end of the aggression was marked by a peace treaty between Persia and Athens which was called the Peace of Callias.BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I.
The Greeks withdraw to Salamis. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis. BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet led by Themistocles defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia. Persian Wars, BC– BC, series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire.
The writings of Herodotus , who was born c BC, are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars. Start here for information about the Greco-Persian Wars - a short overview of the conflict that only led to more.
Persian Wars, BC– BC, series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c BC, are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
The loss at the Battle of Marathon in many ways marked the end of the first Persian War. Although there were other skirmishes between the Greeks and Persians, the Persians declined to face the Greeks in full battle again until the .
History Of The Peloponnesian War Summary and Study Guide SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature. This page guide for “History Of The Peloponnesian War” by Thucydides includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis covering chapters, as.