Eighteen countries, including five of the world's leading arms exporters, ratified the landmark Arms Trade Treaty one year after it was adopted by the UN General Assembly. The decision brings us one step closer to the total of 50 signatures required to bring the Treaty into force. A discussion about the regulation of lethal weapons takes us to Rwanda, where commemorations are underway to mark the twentieth anniversary of the Genocide against the Tutsi. More than one million people were killed between April and July of and hundreds of thousands of survivors suffer to this day.
During the time of the genocide, the Ottoman Empire bordered Bulgaria and Greece in the west, the Mediterranean Sea in the south and southwest, the Black Sea in the north, Iraq and Syria in the southwest, and the Russian empire in the east and northeast.
It encompasses only a small area of the land that was historically the Armenian homeland. Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion in C. The Ottoman Empire saw a severe decline in the s as the rest of Europe industrialized.
They called for a constitutional government, an end to discriminatory voting practices, and an end to taxes levied only against Christians.
The Ottoman Sultan responded by instituting widespread pogroms, or violent riots, against the Armenians and more thanArmenians were killed between and Both Armenians and Turks celebrated, hoping for increased economic prosperity, freedom, equality, and justice.
The Young Turks overthrew this government inangling to unite all Turkish people and expand their empire through the Caucasus and into Central Asia. They sought to create a new empire, called Turan, with one language and one religion. Most Armenians were well-educated compared to many Turks, who were largely illiterate.
Although most Armenians were very poor, a small number had excelled, despite their second-class status. The Young Turks glorified the Turk peasantry at the expense of the Armenians, turning Armenians into pariahs. While the world was focused on battle in Europe, the Ottoman Empire began a systematic campaign to eliminate the Armenian people within its borders.
Because most Turks were illiterate, anti-Armenian propaganda was primarily disseminated in the sermons of Muslim mullahs and by town criers, who labeled Armenians as spies, infidels, and traitors. Many died as a result of the brutal living and working conditions.
Armenian men were arrested and killed in mass shootings outside their towns and villages. Women, children, and elderly were removed from their homes and forced to march hundreds of miles without food or water to the desert of modern-day Syria.
Many women were kidnapped into a life of sexual servitude. Many foreign officials spoke out against the atrocities, including Pope Benedict XV, but claims were rejected and denied by the Ottoman administration.
Although most of the killings took place during World War I, the violence continued untilwhen virtually all Armenians had been eliminated.
In a speech given prior to his invasion of Poland inHitler said: Accordingly, I have placed my death-head formation in readiness — for the present only in the East — with orders to them to send to death mercilessly and without compassion, men, women, and children of Polish derivation and language.
Only thus shall we gain the living space Lebensraum which we need. Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians? Most scholars around the world acknowledge that the tragedy was, indeed, genocide.Rwanda, Inc.: How a Devastated Nation Became an Economic Model for the Developing World [Patricia Crisafulli, Andrea Redmond] on arteensevilla.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Nearly two decades after Rwanda's horrific genocide, the country has been transformed.
Apr 07, · But in Rwanda, we knew before, during, and after," says Ted Dagne, a researcher at the Congressional Research Service in Washington, who has traveled to Rwanda . Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin According to J.H. Mittelman, "globalization means a historical transformation in economy and cultural diversity. Globalization is the idea of making the world act like a huge country. Globalization affects this world and the people in this world in many ways. Globalization affects the economy status of a country. It has indeed weakened the position of poor countries and exposed poor people to harmful competition.
High rises are going up in the capital city of Kigali; a newly established stock exchange is attracting investors; and the economy Reviews: The official name for the Rwandan genocide is the "genocide against the Tutsi," as decided by the United Nations in  Rwanda was partially colonized by Germany from to Kamola argues the idea that the Rwandan genocide was caused by ethnic conflict by showing that a cause of the violence was also economic, mainly rooted in the coffee economy.
Located in central Africa, the small country of Rwanda sits at over 3, ft ( m) above sea level.. The central and western part of the country is dominated by a portion of the Albertine Rift Mountains that give way to forests, savannahs, plains and swamps as you move eastward.
Aug 16, · How Colonialism Affected the Rwandan Genocide Standard. August 16, 9 Comments Analysis. During the Rwandan genocide, these identification cards told Hutu extremists who to kill and who to reprieve (The Ungodly Missionary Legacy).
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In the mind of the Tutsi, after , had fled to outlying countries and nearly 20, had. Umuganda, also known as community work with the purpose to contribute to the overall national development was reintroduced to Rwandan life in as part of efforts to rebuild the country after the Genocide against the Tutsi.