The Chilean economy was still faltering in the months following the coup. As the military junta itself was not particularly skilled in remedying the persistent economic difficulties, it appointed a group of Chilean economists who had been educated in the United States at the University of Chicago. Given financial and ideological support from Pinochet, the U. The first, from tocorresponds to the period when most of the reforms were implemented.
Some Geographical and Theoretical Boundaries Analytic philosophy was introduced in Latin America in the mid-twentieth century, though it did not spread easily throughout the region. This entry gives an historical overview of analytic philosophy produced in Latin America, and not about Latin America; it encompasses philosophical developments concerning the most diverse and universal problems that are at the heart of Western philosophy.
Given the vast number of individuals, institutions, journals and issues that coexist in this geographical area of the analytic tradition, we must begin by specifying some of the boundaries of this work.
First, the entry focuses on the ideas of philosophers who have developed their research and teaching practice for most of their lives in a Latin American country instead of taking the country of origin as a criterion. One feature of Latin American intellectuals is that many have had to emigrate to other countries within or outside of the region, in many cases due to political reasons, in other cases for economic reasons, and in a few cases for personal reasons.
For reasons of space those philosophers with Latin American roots who developed their philosophical work outside this area will be excluded. As mentioned above, analytic philosophy was introduced in the mid-twentieth century, initially in Argentina and Mexico, then to a lesser extent in Brazil. The first analytic philosophers in the region carried out extensive didactic work that has left generations of professional philosophers working within the tradition.
As the research is ongoing, it is impossible to mention all the people currently working within this tradition in Latin America. See the Other Internet Resources for links to relevant Associations. Finally, it is important to delineate what will be considered within the scope of analytic philosophy for the present work.
Our consideration of analytic philosophy is not limited to work involving conceptual analysis. Indeed, as Ezcurdia maintains, not all philosophers who consider themselves analytic adopt this method, and those who do disagree about the way in which it should be understood.
Rabossi defends the idea that analytic philosophy can be identified by considering certain family resemblances. He suggests the following family traits: In the case of analytic philosophy in Latin America, we must add two other family traits to the above list; these traits distinguish the ways in which philosophy is practiced in Latin America from how it is practiced in other parts of the world.
First, since analytic philosophy was introduced when other philosophical traditions were dominant, philosophical reflections in the analytic tradition frequently go hand in hand with metaphilosophical issues e. Second, since the introduction of analytic philosophy in Latin American countries was related to a quest to change conservative intellectual institutions, social and political structures, and their forms of management, the critical and constructive spirit of analytic philosophy led many of its practitioners in Latin America to engage politically in a variety of ways in their home countries.
Even this expanded list of family traits is not sufficient to characterize analytic philosophy in Latin America. Many non-analytic philosophers exhibit these same traits. Glock suggests that the right way to understand analytic philosophy is to add a historical dimension to these traits and understand analytic philosophy as an intellectual tradition.
In a similar vein, Gracia argues that sociological considerations play an important role in distinguishing analytic philosophy from other methods of philosophy: What we have then is a family structure not based on a genetic but on an intellectual lineage, an intellectual pedigree, which in turn is based on practices that have been passed and amended within a family context.
In fact, we continue to organize in families and tribes and there are exclusions and fiefdoms. Mankind is primarily composed of communities, and philosophy does not differ from other human endeavors. This explains why cultural, political and ethnically considerations, play a role in human projects, including the academic ones.
These people participate in shared activities in which they recognize each other as members of the same community, discuss and research similar topics using a similar approach, and operate with a shared theoretical background.
This does not mean that analytic philosophers from Latin America do not share links to the wider community of European and Anglo-Saxon analytic philosophers. On the contrary, many of them have been educated outside of Latin America, engage in work that goes beyond the Latin American context and forge important ties with Anglo-Saxon and European academic communities.
This entry presents the community of analytic philosophers that exists today in Latin America, describing the way in which this philosophical tradition has developed in the region.
Section 2 offers an historical approach to the subject, while section 3 provides examples of the most original lines of research developed in Latin America within the analytic tradition.
History of Analytic Philosophy in Latin America Philosophy in Latin America, as with all other cultural enterprises, has been closely related to European culture since colonial times. Analytic philosophy developed heterogeneously across Latin America. The analytic tradition appears in Argentina and Mexico in the mid-twentieth century, and to a lesser extent in Brazil, Peru, Colombia and Uruguay in the same period.
The development in Argentina and Mexico was much faster, and analytic philosophy had matured in the two countries by the s. Strong institutions there, created by early analytic philosophers e.
The development of analytic philosophy was more limited in other countries where there were only isolated figures who, in many cases, left no students.May 04, · Argentina is a large Latin American country located in the southern portion of South America.
It is the second largest South American country, and it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay (Nations Online, n.d.). ABSTRACT. This chapter is an attempt at discussing international higher education from a comparative perspective.
It presents a synthesis of the main trends of higher education in the world and in Latin America and the Caribbean countries. Harvard’s aggressive approaches to timber and agribusiness in Latin America are unique among universities. A recent report identified only one university endowment with direct holdings in forestry and agriculture investments in Latin America: Harvard.
Chile: The Latin American Tiger Case Solution,Chile: The Latin American Tiger Case Analysis, Chile: The Latin American Tiger Case Study Solution, Examines the strategies of Chile in After a series of economic reform, the country must decide whether to join the regional trade bloc.
Considers the. For centuries man has created this patriarchal society in which women have been treated as the lesser entity, having no sense of self-being or worth.
"So what's Harvard doing in Chile?" By Steve Reifenberg "So what's Harvard doing in Chile?" is a question that I am rather often asked as program director for Harvard’s Regional Office of the David Rockefeller Center for Latin America Studies (DRCLAS) based in Santiago, Chile.