Describe the features of social organization in simple societies with example

Share The features of social organization in simple societies: Tribal society, a typical example of simple societies, is generally divided into two groups, Moiety, or if more than two groups, Phratry. Members of these groups marry outside their group and hence are exogamous groups. These are well knit groups where there is a mutual social obligation and the socio-economic religious activities are performed together.

Describe the features of social organization in simple societies with example

Explain social structure, its features and constituents according to Radcliffe Brown Sukesh Dey Social structure In his book Novum organon renovatm, Whewell, has rightly said, "The fundamental principle and supreme rule of all scientific terminology is that terms must be constructed and appropriated so as to be fitted to enunciate simply and clearly true general proposition.

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As he he says, clarifying the necessity of conceptual clarification, "One of the difficulties that the reader of the literature of anthropology has to face is the fact that the same word is used in different meanings by different writers, and many anthropological terms are sometimes used ambiguously or without precise definition.

Fallacy of misplaced concreteness According to Brown, "The empirical reality with which social anthropology has to deal, by description, by analysis and in comparative studies, is the process of social life of a certain limited regie n during certain period of time.

He points out to the fallacy of "misplaced concreteness" "which results from treating abstractions as though they were concrete realities.

According to Brown, in order to describe social life, one should describe its general features which provide data for the science. He defines the subject matter of social anthropology by social life.

Describe the features of social organization in simple societies with example

Defining this subject m atter further he says, "The social life as a phenomenal reality is a process consisting of a multitude of actions of human beings, more particularly their interactions and joint actions.

Synchronic description takes social life as it is at a certain time without reference to changes in its general features. Diachronic description gives an account of such changes. Social anthropologist has to provide both the descriptions.

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Social structure and social organization Before defining the elements of social structure, Brown has clarified the distinction between social structure and social organization. According to him, the social structure refers to an arrangement of persons.

Social structure, on the other hand, can be explained by the example of modern army or tribal groups, etc. Meaning of social structure In the words of Radcliffe Brown, "Social structure therefore is to be defined as the continuing arrangement of persons in relationships defined or controlled by institutions, i.

Continuing arrangement of persons According to Brown social structure is a continuing arrangement of persons in relation to each other. This arrangement of persons is different in a village, a city or a primitive tribe.

The characteristics of this arrangement are in fact the characteristics of social structure. In other words, the characteristics of social structure are the characteristics of social groups which constitute it.

Structural features of social life According to Brown, the most important structural features of social life are as follows; 1. Existence of social groups Social structure consists of all kinds of social groups within it.

Internal structure of groups These groups, again, have a specific internal structure. Arrangement into social classes These groups, again, are arranged into social classes and categories such as the castes in Indian society and the economic classes in western societies.

Social distinctions There is again a system of social distinctions between different classes based upon sex, authority, economic distinctions, caste distinctions etc. One finds a system of social distance between them as can be seen between Brahmins and Sudras in India.

Arrangement of persons in dyadic relationship Dyadic relationships are person to person relationships such as those found between master and servant. In social structure one finds arrangement of persons in dyadic relationship.

Interactions between groups and persons Finally, the most important feature of social structure is the interaction between groups and the interactions between persons. An example of interactions between groups is seen when one nation goes to war with another.A.

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Social capital. The notion of social capital is a useful way of entering into debates about civil society – and is central to the arguments of Robert Putnam and others who want to ‘reclaim public life’. Social Groups. Social groups are everywhere and are a basic part of human life; everywhere you look there seem to be groups of people!

A main focus of sociology is the study of these social groups. Describe The Features Of Social Organization In Simple Societies With Example 1.

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If you were a "friendly visitor" in a charity organization society, you would most likely ___. a. access public funds for families in distress b. act as a model of moral character c. believe that charity represented respectful support for families d. National and International Anti-Poverty Strategies and Poverty Reduction.

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