Cynicism, Skepticism, Epicureanism, and Stoicism.
Alexander became king in B. He then set out to conquer India. Historians still disagree over his character. Some records show him as a violent and savage person.
The "philosopher-king" interpretation of Alexander is based on a misunderstanding of his intentions at a banquet in B. Throughout these campaigns he founded new cities and military colonies.
The practical result of his actions was to open the East to Hellenism. The political legacy After his death in B. In Greece the polis system was replaced by leagues of citystates.
The Hellenistic world was politically fragmented and constantly at war.
The cultural legacy of Alexander The colonies founded by Alexander and his successors brought many Greeks into Asia, thereby bringing East and West together; this culture is called Hellenism. Over 70 cities were founded by Alexander, and his successors established at least colonies--transforming the Mediterranean basin into a Greekspeaking region.
The newly discovered Hellenistic city of Ay Khanoum is an example of Greek influence--far away from Greece. Hellenism became a common bond for the Mediterranean. The spread of Hellenism Cities and kingdoms of the Hellenistic age The creation of new kingdoms accompanied the resurgence of monarchy; this was a method of uniting diverse peoples--often linking the ruler with the gods.
The new cities were not politically independent or sovereign but rather a part of a kingdom. Legal and social inequality existed in the Hellenistic city; Greeks had greater rights and thus formed an elite. The city was fully the possession of the king.
The city of Pergamum is an example of an old city that was transformed by new Greek rulers--with gymnasia, baths, a library, and even a synagogue for Jews. The Hellenistic kings were frequently at war as they attempted to solidify their kingdoms and gain the loyalty of subjects.
The Hellenistic city was the basic social and political unit in the Hellenistic East and the foundation on which later Roman and Christian cultures were established. The Greeks and the opening of the East The Hellenistic cities provided a new military and bureaucratic class of Greeks with important jobs and chances for advancement.
Greeks were able to dominate other professions, including the arts.
Greek buildings were built and entirely new cities were laid out.Hellenistic philosophers, therefore, devoted less attention than had Plato and Aristotle to the speculative construction of an ideal state that would facilitate the achievement of a happy life.
chapter summary This chapter surveys the political and cultural history of the Greek poleis in the period of their greatest power, B.C.E., and continues the . Given this state of affairs, the only approach to recovering the principles underlying the theory of Hellenistic astrology is a detailed study of the technical terminology, interpretive texts, and the practical system itself, guided by the supposition that the theory of Hellenistic astrology was somehow fully embedded in the practice.
Aug 21, · The Hellenistic world fell to the Romans in stages, but the era ended for good in 31 B.C.
That year, in a battle at Actium, the Roman Octavian defeated Marc Antony’s Ptolemaic fleet. CHAPTER 3 - CLASSICAL AND HELLENISTIC GREECE CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter surveys the political and cultural history of the Greek poleis in the period of their greatest power, B.C.E., and continues the story to the eve of the Roman conquest, about B.C.E.
Hellenistic philosophers also preserved the rational tradition but turned from the problem of the citizen's relationship to the city to that of the individual's condition in a complex world.
The four major schools plotted distinctive routes to personal fulfillment.