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It is shaped like a high-heeled boot kicking a "triangle"—the island of Sicily. Italy borders France to the west, Switzerland and Austria to the north, and Slovenia to the east.
The country also shares a border with 2 tiny independent states, San Marino and the Vatican, both of which are entirely surrounded by Italian territory.
Italy has an area ofsquare kilometerssquare miles and a coastline of 7, kilometers 4, milesincluding the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. Comparatively, Italy is slightly larger than the state of Arizona.
Rome, the capital city, is on the country's western coast at the heart of the peninsula. In July the population of Italy was estimated at 57, In the same year the birth rate stood at The background information of italy. Thanks to the annual arrival of immigrants, the projected growth rate is 0.
The data clearly show that without the influx of foreign immigrants the Italian population would suffer a steady decline. More restrictive immigration policies are being adopted, and it is expected that by the population will decrease to 56, According to statistics, just over 67 percent of Italians live in an urban setting; the rest live in the countryside.
The regions with the highest density are Campania with people per square kilometer, or 1, per square mile, in and Lombardy people per square kilometer, or per square mile.
The regions with the lowest density are Val d'Aosta 37 people per square kilometer, or 96 per square mile and Basilicata 61 people per square kilometer, or per square mile. The biggest city is Rome, with 2, inhabitants, followed by Milan 1,Naples 1,Turin, Palermo, and GenoaEthnic Italians form 97 percent of the population, but there are small ethnic minorities such as German-Italian, French-Italian, Slovene-Italian, and Albanian-Italian, while foreign immigrants make up 1.
Italy—home to Vatican City, the seat of the Pope—is a predominantly Roman Catholic country, even though church attendance has been progressively falling.
There are small Protestant and Jewish communities, but, as a consequence of the growing number of North African, Bosnian, and Albanian immigrants, the second religion of Italy today is Islam. With 18 percent of people over 65 and only 14 percent below the age of 14, there is widespread concern about the rapid rate at which Italy's population is aging.
With average life expectancy at Contrary to popular perception, Italian families are no longer as large as they once were, and it is becoming common for couples to have only 1 child. Economic well-being, a high cost of living, and the entrance of women into the workforce have had a tremendous influence on family structure.
Inabout Without the arrival of immigrants, the Italian population would have fallen over the last decade. To reverse the negative trend, the government has adopted family-friendly policies. The government encourages families to have more children through tax breaks and direct grants.
The policy has not been too successful, however, because people do not consider the financial incentives to be enough. Olives are one of the country's most lucrative exports. In production reached a record 7. The hot Mediterranean climate makes the southern region of Italy well suited for olive production, with most olives produced in Puglia.
The industry changed considerably during the s, moving away from traditional farming methods to more intensive and mechanized production. Thus, half of the olive-producing land excludes other types of cultivation and small producers are being driven out as large companies take over processing and distribution in the olive industry.
Italy's main international competitors in olive production are Greece and Spain. Indue to poor weather conditions, Italy's output decreased to 4.
Grapes are to be found in every Italian region. Winemaking has a very long tradition in the country, and Italy enjoys a positive trade balance in this sector. The vines yield 9, metric tons of grapes and 62, hectoliters of wine a hectoliter is liters.
Until the mids, wine production was not generally of a high standard and, indeed, much table wine was cheap and of very poor quality. The industry then went through a series of reforms that introduced strict quality controls, and standards rose to a level whereby Italian wines can compete at international level with French wines.
Italy's best-known wines are Chianti produced in TuscanyBarolo produced in PiedmontSoave produced in the Venetoand the white wines of Collio produced in FriuliMarsala from Sicilyand Brunello produced in Tuscany.
The backbone of the manufacturing sector is a few internationally known multinationals, operating in company with large numbers of small and medium enterprises. The most noteworthy manufactured products include machine tools, textiles and clothing, motorized road vehicles, domestic appliances, arms, fertilizers, and petrochemicals.
Most manufacturing firms are located in the north of the country, with very few large factories in southern Italy. When Italy experienced its economic miracle in the s and s, the manufacturing heart of the country was the industrial triangle of Milan, Genoa, and Turin.
However, this area has lost its predominant role due to the demise of the steel mills and other heavy industry.International Fingerprinting Services for people living abroad. If you are Canadian or non-Canadian living abroad you require certified criminal background check for employment, voluntering or any other reason then your search ends here.
Holocaust timeline with introductory background information and history. The High-Level Expert Forum on How to Feed the World in examined policy options that governments should consider adopting to ensure that the world population can be fed when it nears its peak of nearly billion people in the middle of this century.
Photograph Quality: The photographs must be: of white background and the applicant should wear dark coloured clothes no more than 6 . More information about Italy is available on the Italy Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet..
U.S.-ITALY RELATIONS. The United States established diplomatic relations with Italy in following the unification of most of the peninsula into one state. View of the city of Amalfi with Mount Cerreto (1, m; 4, ft) in the background.
Amalfi was a maritime power with 70, residents until when an earthquake and subsequent tsunami caused most of the city and population to fall into the sea and destroyed the port.