The influence of social factors on the individual experience of pain

Advanced Search This article reviews the role of psychological factors in the development of persistent pain and disability, with a focus on how basic psychological processes have been incorporated into theoretical models that have implications for physical therapy. To this end, the key psychological factors associated with the experience of pain are summarized, and an overview of how they have been integrated into the major models of pain and disability in the scientific literature is presented.

The influence of social factors on the individual experience of pain

A leading pain researcher in a plenary address at the American Pain Society APS Annual Scientific Conference believes this discrepancy is more understandable if clinicians acknowledge that pain is a variable personal experience that is influenced by genetics but also involves multiple interactive biopsychosocial processes.

Fillingim, PhD, professor, University of Florida College of Dentistry, told his APS audience that individual differences in pain responses have been a longstanding research concern, however, both scientists and clinicians often dismiss pain variability as a nuisance and refer to those whose pain responses differ from the norm as outliers.

Today renewed interest in the issue has been spurred by the genetic revolution.

The influence of social factors on the individual experience of pain

He said individualized differences in pain responses should be studied within the context of a broader biopsychosocial perspective. In evaluating arthritis patients, for example, Fillingim said tender and swollen joints and radiographic measures are relatively poor predictors of pain and function.

However, psychosocial factors consistently account for significant variance in pain reports in these patients.

The influence of social factors on the individual experience of pain

Fillingim advised clinicians that knowing the social and psychological situations of their patients can be helpful in gauging responses to pain and to morphine and other pain medications. Psychological, social and cultural factors, as well as life experiences, all play a role in pain responses.

APS was founded in with charter members. From the outset, the group was conceived as a multidisciplinary organization. APS has enjoyed solid growth since its early days and today has approximately 3, members.

The Board of Directors includes physicians, nurses, psychologists, basic scientists, pharmacists, policy analysts and more.The biological factors are also responsible for the perception of pain as well by means of modulating physical perturbations, but it is the psychological recognition of pain that enables an individual to experience the condition with the perception of internal physiological signs and social factors associated with the recognition of pain which.

Although pain is subjective, it does not occur in isolation, and we are currently examining social-contextual influences, and how these may influence individual differences in pain. For example, we are currently developing our interests in the nonverbal communication of pain in men and women.

What Are The Factors That Influence The Perception Of Pain? - Blurtit

>The social factors can operate at different levels of organisation: the macro-level, the meso-level and the micro-level(family and spouse relationship) I think I will focus the relationships between the micro-level social factor and individual pain experience.

This might be relates to Operant cognitive behaveioral model or fear-avoidance model. Cognitive and emotional influences on the perception of pain constitute a complex emotional experience that varies significantly from one individual to the next.

Psychological state can play a. >> How do social factors influence the pain experience?

Impact of Psychological Factors in the Experience of Pain | Physical Therapy | Oxford Academic

or ecological factors like environmental factors that affect pain outcomes. The examples of social factors would include an, an individual's income. Pain is a private experience, however pain behaviour is influenced by social, cultural and psychological factors.

It is these factors that influence whether private pain is translated into pain behaviour, the form this behaviour takes, and the social setting in which it occurs 6.

Biological, Psychological and Social Factors Influence Individual Pain Differences