Ucl english essay guidelines

Plagiarism Plagiarism Make sure you do not plagiarise anyone elses work, even accidentally, as the consequences can be severe. Find out what plagiarism is and how to avoid it. This system has access to billions of sources worldwide including websites and journals, as well as work previously submitted to UCL and other universities. Most departments will need your work to be submitted electronically as well as in paper form.

Ucl english essay guidelines

Common interpretation[ edit ] The traditional meaning of blitzkrieg is that of German tactical and operational methodology in the first half of the Second World War, that is often hailed as a new method of warfare. The word, meaning "lightning war" or "lightning attack" in its strategic sense describes a series of quick and decisive short battles to deliver a knockout blow to an enemy state before it could fully mobilize.

Tactically, blitzkrieg is a coordinated military effort by tanks, motorized infantry, artillery and aircraft, to create an overwhelming local superiority in combat power, to defeat the opponent and break through its defences.

It was never used in the title of a military doctrine or handbook of the German army or air force, [9] and no "coherent doctrine" or "unifying concept of blitzkrieg" existed. Both used the term to mean a swift strategic knock-out, rather than a radical new military doctrine or approach to war.

The first article deals primarily with supplies of food and materiel in wartime. The term blitzkrieg is used with reference to German efforts to win a quick victory in the First World War but is not associated with the use of armoured, mechanised or air forces.

It argued that Germany must develop self-sufficiency in food, because it might again prove impossible to deal a swift knock-out to its enemies, leading to a long war. The author vaguely suggests that a massive strategic air attack might hold out better prospects but the topic is not explored in detail.

Sternberg wrote that Germany was not prepared economically for a long war but might win Ucl english essay guidelines quick war "Blitzkrieg". He did not go into detail about tactics or suggest that the German armed forces had evolved a radically Ucl english essay guidelines operational method.

His book offers scant clues as to how German lightning victories might be won. It was later applied to the bombing of Britain, particularly London, hence " The Blitz ". Infiltration tactics InGerman strategic thinking derived from the writings of Carl von Clausewitz June 1, β€” November 16,Helmuth von Moltke the Elder 26 October β€” 24 April and Alfred von Schlieffen 28 February β€” 4 Januarywho advocated manoeuvre, mass and envelopment to create the conditions for a decisive battle Vernichtungsschlacht.

During the war, generals such as Oskar von Hutier developed tactics to restore manoeuvre on the battlefield. Specialist light infantry Sturmtruppen"storm troops" were to exploit soft spots, to make gaps for larger infantry units to advance with heavier weapons and exploit the success, leaving isolated strong points to troops following up.

Attacks were to rely on speed and surprise rather than on weight of numbers. After the war, the Reichswehr modified Hutier tactics. The commander in chief, Hans von Seecktargued that there had been an excessive focus on encirclement and emphasized speed instead.

Delegation increased the tempo of operations, which had great influence on the success of German armies in the early war period.

Welcome - Referencing with Harvard - IOE LibGuides at Institute of Education, London

Seeckt rejected the idea of numerical superiority and developed the German army into a small, mobile force and encouraged technical advances, of which one of the results was enhancing the radio use, which allowed better coordination between motorized infantry, tanks and planes and thus provided the necessary conditions for the subsequent Blitzkrieg.

He thus transformed it into an army of commanders, who could cover at least the next level of command. The Treaty of Versailles limited the Reichswehr to a maximum ofmen, making impossible the deployment of mass armies.

The German General Staff was abolished by the treaty but continued covertly as the Truppenamt Troop Officedisguised as an administrative body. Committees of veteran staff officers were formed within the Truppenamt to evaluate 57 issues of the war. The Reichswehr was influenced by its analysis of pre-war German military thought, in particular infiltration tactics, which at the end of the war had seen some breakthroughs on the Western Front and the manoeuvre warfare which dominated the Eastern Front.

British armoured car and motorcycle at the Battle of Megiddo The British army took lessons from the successful infantry and artillery offensives on the Western Front in late To obtain the best co-operation between all arms, emphasis was placed on detailed planning, rigid control and adherence to orders.

Mechanization of the army was considered a means to avoid mass casualties and indecisive nature of offensives, as part of a combined-arms theory of war. This theory of war also emphasized consolidation, recommending caution against overconfidence and ruthless exploitation. Colonel Charles de Gaulle advocated concentration of armour and aeroplanes.

Like von Seeckt, de Gaulle concluded that France could no longer maintain the huge armies of conscripts and reservists which had fought World War I, and he sought to use tanks, mechanised forces and aircraft to allow a smaller number of highly-trained soldiers to have greater impact in battle.

His views little endeared him to the French high command, but are claimed by some[ who? Realising the limitations of infantry and cavalry, Tukhachevsky was an advocate of mechanised formations and the large-scale industrialisation required.

Robert Watt wrote that blitzkrieg holds little in common with Soviet deep battle. Willmott had noted that deep battle contained two important differences:Dissertation about english language ucl. Planning of research paper guidelines pdf; Essay spider man fidget spinner uk life essay jamaica choose essay questions year 6 students essay academic ielts use immigration canada write an art essays in english?

led review article eagle canada freedom in society essay justice the perfect essay. Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in , is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York arteensevilla.comia contains the oldest college in the state of New York and is the fifth chartered institution of higher learning in the United States, making it one of nine .

UCL (University College London) is London's leading multidisciplinary university, with 8, staff and 25, students. After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: It’s Time To Go.

Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address. Using 'ghost-writing' agencies or getting someone else to write your essays or reports, or use of outside word-processing agencies which offer correction or improvement of English is strictly forbidden, and anyone who makes use of these services is liable for an academic penalty.

Ucl english essay guidelines

JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.

Gates of Vienna